The Nansen passport, initially designated as a temporary identity document for refugees and stateless persons after the First World War, was internationally recognized from 1922 to 1938. It was first issued by the League of Nations's Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees. The League of Nations, established in 1920 through a conference in Geneva on the initiative of Fridtjof Nansen, led to the creation of these passports, often distinguished by a stamp featuring Nansen's portrait instead of a coat of arms.
Recipients of the Nansen passport were granted the right to live and move freely in countries participating in the conference, relieving them of restrictions imposed on stateless persons. Notably, according to a League of Nations decision on July 12, 1924, approximately 320 thousand Armenians who had survived the Great Genocide and were residing in various countries were issued Nansen passports.